Retinal Tearing: What It Is And What To Do About It
Your retina is the portion of inner lining within the eye; it is quite thin, sensitive to light, and generates the visuals you see around you. It is also quite fragile. Tears can quickly form in the retina, creating a heightened risk for retinal detachment and severe vision loss. If you experience a retinal tear, go to an eye care specialist as soon as possible. Anything to do with your retina should be taken seriously.
Retinal Tear Symptoms
If you experience an acute retinal tear, you will first notice a sudden onset of black spots in your vision — what we call “floaters.” These spots may be nearly imperceptible. In fact, they may look like static, pepper flakes, or bugs in your view. Some people also notice flashes of light, which are known as photopsias.
If you experience bleeding in the clear cavity of your eye, additional symptoms may occur. Such symptoms include blurred vision, shadows, or loss of peripheral vision. However, in many cases, you may have no noticeable symptoms with a retinal tear. On your next eye visit, your doctor may notice the minuscule signs.
Retinal Tear Treatment
If a retinal tear is diagnosed early, before progressing to retinal detachment, the prognosis is usually quite good. Doctors typically treat retinal tears using a state-of-the-art laser or cryotherapy (freezing). You should know that you’ll likely undergo treatment right in the office, not a hospital. The entire operation is efficient and extremely safe.
A topical or local anesthesia is used to prevent any discomfort, though most only experience mild discomfort. However, some tears do not require treatment whatsoever. Low-risk tears, when identified, have no symptoms and only become evident over time. The body may even naturally heal these tears on its own.