How LASIK Surgery Can Fight Corneal Diseases
LASIK is currently one of the most modern and innovative laser eye surgery procedures in the nation. On top of treating various vision impairments – nearsightedness and farsightedness, primarily – this method is capable of fighting corneal diseases as well. This technique has become a revolution in ophthalmology. Eye surgery is now simpler and features reduced recovery times.
Astigmatism is a popular reason for undergoing LASIK. You see, the focusing power of the eye occurs just along the front, known as the cornea, which is a clear portion of the eyeball. Just behind the iris and pupil are the lens, which further helps to differentiate between images being viewed.
With astigmatism, patients may have trouble with their everyday vision. Objects appear distorted, and their vision is blurry or cloudy. This can have serious side effects on daily life. Through LASIK, the cornea can be reshaped to allow images to pass through easier. Eyesight will be clearer post-operation.
Corneal Disease Facts
Although your cornea may appear crystal clear, it is an incredibly organized piece of tissue. Unlike most tissue in the body, however, the cornea does not contain any blood vessels to protect against infection. This is the main reason why so many corneal diseases exist and why a clear majority of Americans suffer from vision impairments.
There are numerous corneal diseases currently plaguing the world, including:
- Keratitis – An inflammation of the cornea. A noninfectious disease that may be caused by minor injury or from wearing contact lenses too often and for too long.
- Dry Eye – While not a disease in the conventional sense, dry eye is a common corneal problem. If the eye produces fewer or lower quality tears, the cornea cannot lubricate the surface well enough.
- Keratoconus – A progressive thinning of the cornea – the most common corneal dystrophy in the country. Keratoconus currently affects one in every 2,000 Americans and is prevalent in teens and young adults.
- Fuchs’ Dystrophy – A slowly progressing corneal disease that affects both eyes – usually more widespread in women than men. Your vision may gradually worsen over the years, but most won’t notice any eye-related problems until their 50s or 60s.
Corneal Disease Treatment
The cornea is quite sensitive, and as such requires pinpoint accurate procedures to treat underlying conditions properly. If you suffer from a corneal disease, LASIK may be a viable option. In fact, LASIK can be used to treat punctate keratitis, infections, and chemical burns, for example.
Typically, LASIK is used to address the vision impairments that follow corneal diseases, with the most common disabilities being nearsightedness and farsightedness. Over time, due to a corneal disease, you may notice your vision beginning to worsen. Everyday objects appear blurry or out-of-focus – these are typically the most obvious signs that something is wrong. For most, eyeglasses or contact lenses can repair the problem temporarily, however vision correction aids only work while wearing them. If for any reason you cannot wear your glasses, then you would likely be unable to see clearly for the time being.
Furthermore, for smaller treatments, EPI-LASIK is now a possibility. In this case, the laser is used without the need for a corneal flap. Your surgeon may use EPI-LASIK when potential complications due to a corneal flap are possible.
As a treatment option, LASIK is as efficient as they come. The procedure is quick, affordable, and effective, making it a top choice for both patients and surgeons across the nation. When it comes to treating corneal disease, LASIK patients enjoy:
- Improved vision and corrected impairments
- Minimal pain
- Vision impairments are corrected almost immediately – usually within one to two days
- Recovering quickly without bandages or stitches afterward
- Further adjustments can be made years afterward to further correct corneal issues
- No more corrective eyewear – eyeglasses or contact lenses
During LASIK, a highly-experienced surgeon will cut across the cornea, raising a flap of tissue to help reshape the cornea for vision corrections. On average, the procedure takes just 10 to 15 minutes per eye. You’ll be able to return to normal activities promptly, and no overnight hospitals stays are required.
For LASIK treatment options, contact Your Eye Specialists by calling 954-452-9922. We’ll schedule a consultation appointment that fits into your schedule so we may discuss potential treatment options!