5 Most Common Ocular Allergies
Ocular allergies are one of the most common surface diseases seen in primary eye care practice. The symptoms of ocular allergies can vary, but a skilled eye doctor can successfully diagnose and treat any issue you may be experiencing. The most common symptoms of ocular allergies include burning, itching, and watery eyes.
Ocular allergies are often underdiagnosed and, unfortunately, undertreated, despite the number of diseases and their prevalence increasing over the past few decades. The cause of this exponential growth cannot be pinpointed.
Common Ocular Allergies
It is often difficult to determine exactly which ocular allergy a patient may be suffering from because each may share the same signs and symptoms. There are a wide number of disorders mimicking or masking each condition. The five most common ocular allergies include:
- Season and Perennial Allergic Conjunctivitis – By far the most common form of eye allergy. Patients experience symptom in spring, summer, and fall, depending on pollens in the area.
- Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis – A more severe allergy than SAC or PAC, vernal keratoconjunctivitis occurs year-round, though symptoms may worsen seasonally. Boys and young men experience the allergy more often.
- Atopic Keratoconjunctivitis – Men suffering from a history of allergic dermatitis tend to suffer from atopic keratoconjunctivitis more often than not.
- Contact Allergic Conjunctivitis – This allergy results due to irritation from contact lenses or proteins in the tears that bind to the lens.
- Giant Papillary Conjunctivitis – Often associated with wearing contact lenses too often, giant papillary conjunctivitis is a severe contact allergy where fluid sacs form in the inner eyelid.
Following a successful patient history overview and examination, your doctor can successfully diagnose your particular allergy. An analysis will primarily focus on the conjunctiva.